Education 0 to 25 years (SEND)

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Children have Special Educational Needs (SEN) if they have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. 

As a parent 

If you think your child may a special educational needs your first step should be to speak to a teacher or an individual supporting your child such as a key worker. This could be someone from a preschool and nursery setting all the way up to higher education.

Read more on the steps you should take 


For those working with children

Professionals working with children can review your child or young person’s progress and will identify when they have Special Educational Needs. The SEND Code of Practice: 0 to 25 years provides some information about how this is done. This code of practice provides statutory guidance for organisations which work with and support children and young people who have special educational needs or disabilities (SEND).

View The SEND Code of Practice: 0 to 25 years


Integrated SEND Service 

The Integrated SEND Service supports children and young people with SEND living in Buckinghamshire to achieve the best possible outcomes.  The Integrated SEND Service consists of the following:

Education, Health and Care Coordinators

Coordinate the statutory Education, Health and Care (EHC) needs assessment process with children, young people, families and range of professionals, ensuring a child-centred approach is adopted and to enable children and young people to achieve their outcomes and aspirations. They co-produce EHC Plans, ensure annual reviews of EHC plans are conducted and EHC plans updated in a timely manner in line with the Children and Families Act (2014).

Specialist Teachers (ST)

Offer assistance to schools in meeting the needs of pupils who are experiencing a greater difficulty than their peers in accessing the Early Years and National Curriculum.

Educational Psychology (EP)  

A targeted and specialist service provided by the Local Authority to identify and support children and young  people aged 0 to 25 with complex, significant and persistent difficulties related to their development and/or learning.


Other Support Services 

Community Paediatrician

Care for children aged 0 to 19 with a wide range of needs and conditions, particularly children with developmental problems and complex needs. Specific expertise: in Neuro-disability, looked after children, child protection and school health, and have specialist clinics for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorders.

Occupational Therapy (OT)

Community occupational therapy advice, assessment and intervention to help with everyday difficulties affecting home, school and leisure activities such as dressing, handwriting, organisation, ball skills.

Speech and Language Therapy (SLT)

A website full of helpful information and activities to support families and staff to help children develop communication skills. If you still are still concerned about your child’s speech and language after completing the progress checker and activities on the Communication Carousel, you can then make a referral.


A service focused on delivering needs-led care, supporting individuals and their families to achieve their functional goals. This website includes a wide range of advice and suggestions to support you in helping your child achieve these goals.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS)

Helps young people 0 to 18 overcome emotional difficulties in their lives from moderate anxiety to depression and eating disorders. Accessible by phone or direct referrals from young people, families and professionals such as GPs, teachers and school health nurses.

Educational Psychology Service (EPS) - Aylesbury 

A targeted and specialist service provided by the Local Authority to identify and support children and young people aged 0 to 25 with complex, significant and persistent difficulties related to their development and/or learning.

The Graduated Approach, what is it?

Where a pupil is identified as having special educational needs (SEN), schools should take action to remove barriers to learning and put effective SEN provision in place. This SEN support should take the form of a four-part cycle through which earlier decisions and actions are revisited, refined and revised with a growing understanding of the pupil’s needs and of what supports the pupil in making good improvement and securing good outcomes. This is known as the graduated approach.

SEN Support Plan:

In Buckinghamshire, we have developed a SEN Support Plan document for the purpose of identifying the SEN of children/young people, monitoring their progress towards desired outcomes and tracking resources utilised within the educational setting. 

Read more about The Graduated Approach and SEN Support Plan

EHC Plans are for children and young people from birth up to age 25. EHC Plans provide statutory protection in respect of educational provision. They are intended to be holistic and centred on the child or young person’s needs and because they are person-centred and contain an ‘All About Me’ section.

Find out about the EHC assessment process and plans.

View Forms and Templates for EHC Needs Assessment applications and Annual Reviews.