Conditions and Disabilities
On this page, you can find information on health conditions and disabilities and the support available.
Search the NHS A to Z for a complete list of conditions, disabilities and disorders.
The NHS App has been developed by the NHS to help people in England get more information about their health and care - and more control of how they use NHS services.
Available to download on all iOS and Android devices, it allows you to:
- book appointments at your GP surgery
- manage repeat prescriptions
- view your GP medical records
- set organ donation preferences
- and much more
Here are some conditions that can cause difficulties while learning. This is not a complete list.
A specific learning difficulty, which means it causes problems with certain abilities used for learning, such as reading and writing. View local Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Related Support.
A condition of the visual cortex. Those with Visual Stress can experience movement and distortion of text along with headaches and sore eyes. View related local support in our Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Related Support category.
A condition affecting physical co-ordination. It causes a child to perform less well than expected in daily activities for their age, and appear to move clumsily. View related local support in our Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Related Support category.
A specific learning difficulty that causes problems with certain abilities used for math and number-based operations. View related local support in our Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and Related Support category.
Dysarthria is difficulty speaking caused by brain damage or brain changes later in life.
Down's syndrome is when an individual is born with an extra chromosome. Down's syndrome, also known as Down syndrome or trisomy 21, is a genetic condition that typically causes some level of learning disability and certain physical characteristics.
People with Down's syndrome will have some level of learning disability. This means they'll have a range of abilities.
Some people will be more independent and do things like get a job. Other people might need more regular care.
But, like everyone, people with Down's syndrome have:
- their own personalities
- things they like and dislike
- things that make them who they are
Anxiety can affect a child’s behaviour and thoughts every day, interfering with their school, home and social life.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that includes symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
Autism is not an illness or disease. It means your brain works in a different way from other people. Some autistic people need little or no support. Others may need more help. View Autism resources and local support in The Autism Toolbox.
A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. Find related information and local support on The Local Offer for SEND.
A problem or difficulty hearing can affect a child's learning.
A problem or difficulty seeing can affect a child's learning.
Epilepsy is a common condition that affects the brain and causes frequent seizures.
Seizures are bursts of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works. They can cause a wide range of symptoms.
Epilepsy can start at any age, but usually starts either in childhood or in people over 60.
Find out about symptoms, treatments and causes here.
There is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (DfE) about the support that pupils with medical conditions should receive at school. Read more about Supporting pupils with medical conditions in school.
The term 'talking therapy' covers all the psychological therapies that involve a person talking to a therapist about their problems.
Types of Talking Therapies include:
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
- Family therapy
- Couples therapy
- Group therapy
- Interpersonal therapy
- Behavioural activation
- Mindfulness-based therapies
Your GP or mental health worker can help you decide which one would be best for you.